About Ghana

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Ghanaians are generally very cheerful and love to dance, sing and laugh.

Despite the widespread poverty and challenging living conditions the people are very welcoming and selfless. They support others in all circumstances and stick together.

On the streets of Ghana, especially in the larger cities, it is never quiet. There is always music playing somewhere, amongst others you can hear a lot of Reggae and the Ghanaian music genre “High- and Hiplife”. Occasionally you can also see preachers on the street corners, shouting into their microphone seemingly without ever catching a breath. 

The main roads are commonly used for street stalls especially because they are frequented by cars and small busses (the so called Tro Tros) and many people walk by the stalls. This creates traffic jams which gives the street vendors the chance to sell their goods to car and bus drivers as well as the passengers. Probably the most soled items are “Pure Water” which costs 20 Pesewas (about 2 Eurocents) and small snacks like Bofrot (look and taste a bit like doughnut holes). From mobile phone top-up credits to hygiene articles there’s almost nothing you can’t buy.

A large part of the people, especially for celebrations or the church visit on Sunday, wears colorful Kente fabrics with various patterns.

These fabrics can be purchased on markets. Clothing for women is only tailored by female tailors and vice versa, only male tailors make clothes for men. In Ghana, Black is only worn for funerals.

The streets of Ghana are loud and colorful. What is initially a culture shock for foreigners is an indispensable part of their lifestyle for the people of Ghana that has its origins in Ghana’s history.

  Germany Ghana
Total Inhabitants approx. 82 Mill. approx. 30 Mill.
Population density 229 Inhabitants per km² 109 Inhabitants per km²
Currency Euro New Cedi (1:6 -> 1 Cedi = 16 Cent)
Government Parliamentary Democracy Presidential Democracy
Religion 68% Christian (Catholic+Protestant), 3,7% Muslim, 28,3% Other or Undenominational 63% Christian (Catholic+Protestant), 16% Muslim, 21% Indigenous Religions
Alphabetization 99% 75%
Annual population growth 0,3% 2,2%
Child mortality rate 0,5% 10,1%
Deaths by AIDS < 1000 approx. 18.000
Life expectancy 80,3 years 65,3 years
Birth rate 8,4 31,7
Age distribution 0-14 years: 13,7%, 15-64 years: 66,1%, above age 65: 20.3% 0-14 years: 37.3%, 15-64 years: 59.1%, above age 65: 3,6%
Average Age 44,9 21,4

Geographical surface

357.375 km² 238.537 km²

Poverty is widespread in Ghana. A walk through the densely populated capital Accra shows the extent of the strong disparities of the country. Smelly sewers, street vendors, many of them women with babies on their backs and heavy loads on their head, that are working in the midday heat surrounded by exhaust fumes, children and teenagers burning electronic waste of richer countries in the peripheral quarters of the city to win copper. One of the largest barriers to economic growth is the electricity crisis which in 20154/15 caused power outages of more than 24 hours several times a week and affected all of the production sectors of the economy, but also the life of many people.

The rainy season poses an additional challenge to the people in Ghana. It often rains for weeks on end which causes the (often unpaved) roads to flood.